1. Fitness. Soccer develops three fitness systems: a) the ATP (adenosine triphosphate) system for short bursts of speed and power, b) fire lactic acid system for intermediate power, and c) the aerobic system for endurance. Soccer utilizes all three systems to a high degree, thereby providing a well-rounded program of fitness development.
2. Coordination, balance and agility. The various situational and positional challenges in indoor soccer encompass eye to foot, thigh, chest, head and hand coordination (for goalkeepers). There is no other sport with this range of coordination components. In addition, split-second adjustments in body position put great pressure and emphasis on the development of excellent balance and agility.
3. Skill. No sport places more body parts in direct contact with the ball than doe’s soccer. Furthermore, these areas can be used in many different ways with an endless permutation of effects.
4. Intelligence. There are few sports with as many variables as soccer. First, it is an almost totally fluid sport with very few preplanned situations; therefore, nearly all actions depend on constantly changing circumstances. Second, there are opponents and teammates to be taken into account at all times. Third, players must react to stimuli from all angles because soccer is one of the truly 360 degree games. Fourth, players are subjected to numerous visual, sensual and auditory cues during play.
5. Character development. One of soccer’s major benefits to the player is the development of important character traits for life. Qualities of perseverance, application, drive, leadership, controlled aggression, concentration, teamwork, self-worth and confidence are all developed by playing soccer.
6. Social skills. Soccer both attracts and helps develop extrovert characteristics. It is beneficial in improving social skills in an environment where individuals are interacting under both high-pressure (during game) and low-pressure (after game) conditions.
7. Meeting people. The soccer game is a group meeting place. Both players and spectators utilize the game for socialization purposes. Nowhere is this more evident than soccer, where players enjoy co-ed, men’s, women’s or youth soccer in conditions very conducive to socialization.
8. No physical elitism. The all-round physical requirements of an 5ive-a-side soccer game allows individuals of all shapes, sizes and genetic characteristics to develop excellence and valuable team members at elite levels of competition. You do not (continued)
Futsal is the only indoor game sanctioned by FIFA. It is a small-sided game (5v5 including the goalkeepers) played on a small field, using touchline boundaries without walls; essentially a scaled down version of outdoor soccer played indoors. It is recognized as the best option for player development, and is especially great for improving speed of play, promoting quality touches, technical skills, & fitness. Futsal develops the overall fundamentals of soccer. One touch passing is essential in maintaining ball possession on a smaller surface.
to play futsal
Recently U.S. Soccer and the U.S. Soccer Development Academy are mandating Futsal as a component of their player development initiative. It is played in over 100 countries and many nations swear by it. Brazil attributes their soccer success to Futsal. Pele, Ronaldinho, Marta, Ronaldo, Messi, Kaka, & Zico all credit Futsal for much of their skill development. This is the game that outdoor soccer players around the globe play to refine and maintain their control skills & technique. According to statistics, Futsal players touch the ball 210% more often than walled soccer. “In Futsal players touch the ball 600% more and learn far faster than players do in the vast, bouncy expanse of the outdoor game”-Dr. E. Mirandoa, Sao Paulo University, Brasil Futebol Dept.
Because the sport is a great skill developer, demanding quick reflexes, fast thinking and pinpoint passing, it is an exciting game for children as well as adults. The game is very economical and safe, simple and fun to play. Just by playing with the ball develops precise ball control and technical skill, agility, lightening reflexes and decision making. Because the balls have less bounce, they tend to stay in play longer and promote close ball control. After playing in enclosed areas and learning to think and react quickly, players find when they play to the full game they react well under pressure.
Playing in enclosed areas develops creativity; players are also constantly placed in demanding decision-making situations in enclosed areas, which is a major reason why Futsal is one of the finest teachers of the quick pass and move. In soccer it is very hard to defend against a team that is adept at this type of play. Playing the beautiful game of soccer is developed through Futsal.
Slide tackles and excessive bodily contact are forbidden in the modified game, which results in fewer injuries. It’s no surprise that the game is popular with children, teenagers and adults of both genders and is growing in popularity internationally.
Futsal quickly develop skills required for soccer: balance, motor ability, agility and coordination, ball mastery, accurate and quick passing and receiving, perception insight and awareness. Children learn through repetition and practice in small areas; this occurs naturally. As Futsal is fast and action packed, fitness is improved while learning and having fun. We find children love playing Futsal. It is exciting, many goals are scored and the game is devoid of complex rules such as off side. Children learn so much faster if they enjoy the game and spend a lot of time playing with the ball.
World Cup winner Pele: "Futsal was important in helping to develop my ball control, quick thinking, passing… also for dribbling, balance, concentration…Futsal was very, very important, no doubt."
World Player of the Year Lionel Messi: "In Argentina, when I was a young boy, I used to play a lot of Futsal on the street and with Newell's Old Boys. It was a really fun game that's helped me a great deal."
Real Madrid winger Cristiano Ronaldo: "In Portugal, all we played growing up was Futsal. The smaller court helped my footwork skills, the nature of the game made me feel so free when I played. If it wasn't for Futsal, I would definitely not be the player
I am today."
Milan and Brazil forward Robinho:
"I played Futsal for many years and it helped me to become the player I am today. There you don't have time to think, you are always tightly marked and you develop a sense for performing in small spaces."
have to be 280 lbs. or 6’ 8” tall to achieve professional soccer status. This is because leg and foot coordination is the major factor; therefore, even smaller players can participate on an equal basis with bigger, stronger individuals.
9. Constant action. By nature, soccer is a game of constant action with very few breaks in play. This keeps both the player and spectator totally entertained, captive and absorbed over a long period of time.
10. Any number can play. Because soccer uses a round, bouncy ball, even one person can enjoy such activities as juggling or dribbling in a very small area without a partner. Other skills such as shooting, passing or heading can be practiced using the walls. When a partner is involved, the alternatives for practice and fun with a soccer ball become endless.
11. Easy to understand. The objectives and rules of soccer are simple. The object is to score in the opponent’s goal and stop them from scoring in yours, with a ball that can be propelled in any direction at any time. This is a concept even the very young can understand, thereby making earlier participation possible in organized soccer programs than in other team sports.
12. Economical. The cost of involvement in a soccer program is usually very reasonable compared to other sports. Essential personal equipment is limited to soccer or tennis shoes, socks, shin guards, shorts and a shirt. This makes soccer one of the lowest cost team sports of them all.
13. Large age span. Almost any age can play soccer.
14. Safety. Soccer involves mild physical contact. Excessive contact is penalized within the rules and slide tackling is not allowed in many age groups. Therefore, contact injuries are minimized and tend to be less severe. The low incidence of injury provides the ideal forum for lifetime participation and allows the more mature or less fit individual to participate for a greater length of time.
15. Ongoing development and motivation. For players with college or professional ambitions, an all-weather soccer facility provides a place to play and practice so that their skills improve rather than erode during the late fall and winter months.
The origin of Futsal (Five-a-Side Soccer) can be traced back to Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1930 when Juan Carlos Ceriani devised a five-a-side version of soccer for youth competion in YMCAs. The game is played on basketball-sized courts, both indoors and out without the use of sidewalls.
The term FUTSAL is the international term used for the game. It is derived from the Spanish or Portuguese word for "soccer" – FUTbol or FUTebol, and the French or Spanish word for "indoor" – SALon or SALa. The term was adopted by U.S. Futsal since it includes the initials "fUtSAl" (USA). The term was trademarked in the United States after U.S. Futsal changed its corporate name within the state of California.
The game is frequently referred to as Five-A-Side or Mini-soccer. Once Ceriani got the ball rolling, Futsal gained rapid popularity throughout South America, particularly in Brazil. The skill developed in this game is visible in the world-famous style the Brazilians display outdoors on the full-sized field. Pele, Zico, Socrates, Bebeto and other Brazilian superstars developed their skill playing Futsal. While Brazil continues to be the Futsal hub of the world, the game is now played, under the auspices of FIFA, all over the world, from Europe to North and Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Africa, and Asia and Oceania.
The first international competition took place in 1965, when Paraguay won the first South American Cup. Six more South American Cups were held through 1979, with Brazil winning all of them. Brazil continued its dominance with a victory in the first Pan American Cup in 1980 and won it again the next time it was played
in 1984. A U.S. team took part in the 1984 cup, but finished out of the running.
U.S. Futsal was founded in 1981 and incorporated in January, 1983. Osvaldo Garcia was it's first president. The game is referred to as Minisoccer, five-a-side soccer, Futbol Sala or Futebol de Salao, but it is also widly refereed by it trademark name, Futsal. The current U.S. Futsal president is Alex J.C. Para.
The first Futsal World Championship conducted under the auspices of FIFUSA (before its members integrated into FIFA in 1989) was held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 1982, with Brazil finishing in first place. The Brazilians repeated as champions at the second World Championship in 1985 in Spain, but lost in the third World Championship in 1988 in Australia to Paraguay. FIFA took over direct sponsorship of the event in 1989 in Holland and 1992 in Hong Kong. Brazil won both times. The U.S. Futsal (Indoor Team), finished third in 1989 and second in 1992 at the FIFA Five-a-Side World Championship. The highest showing by any team from the United States in a FIFA tournament until the U.S. Womens team won the gold medal in China for outdoor soccer. The Third FIFA World Championship was held November 24 through December 11, 1996, in Spain and for the first time FIFA names it the FIFA Futsal World Championship. The Fourth FIFA Futsal World Championship was
held in Guatemala between November 18 to December 4th, 2000. The fifth Futsal World Championship was held in Taipei in
The first international Futsal match played by the U.S. Futsal National Team was in May 1984 in Nanaimo, Canada, and the United States won 6-5. The first international Futsal match in the United States was held in December, 1985, at Sonoma State University in Rohnert Park, California. The U.S. select team, defeated Australia, 9-5.
U.S. Futsal has conducted a National Championship each year since 1985. Futsal is establishing itself at the youth level in the U.S. The Boys and Girls Clubs of America took a strong interest after the Columbia Park Club in San Francisco asked U.S. Futsal to give a demonstration. The national organization adopted the sport, and it is now played at about 1,100 Boys and Girls Clubs throughout the U.S. The American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO) also plays the sport in a close working relationship with U.S. Futsal since 1988.
The U.S. Youth Soccer Association (USYSA) and U.S. Futsal signed an agreement in August of 1995 and in 1999, to promote futsal in all their National State Association as their game of choice for indoor soccer under the auspices of U.S. Futsal.